Online abuse includes a diversity of tactics and malicious behaviors ranging from sharing embarrassing or cruel content about a person to impersonation, doxing, stalking and electronic surveillance to the nonconsensual use of photography and violent threats.
The online harassment of women, sometimes called Cybersexism or cybermisogyny, is specifically gendered abuse targeted at women and girls online.
It incorporates sexism, racism, religious prejudice, homophobia and transphobia.
The purpose of harassment differs with every incidence, but usually includes wanting to embarrass, humiliate, scare, threaten, silence, extort or, in some instances, encourages mob attacks or malevolent engagements. They are sometimes legal, but harmful and consequential.
They may legal, but violate a particular platform’s guidelines and terms of service.
When a harasser, or group of harassers, deliberately sabotages or invades multiple online spaces for the purposes of harassing a target.
Cross-platform harassment is very effective because users are currently unable to report this scope and context of the harassment when they contact platforms, each of which will only consider the harassment happening on their own sites.
The distribution of sexually graphic images without the consent of the subject of the images.
The abuser obtains images or videos in the course of a prior relationship, or hacks into the victim’s computer, social media accounts or phone.
Women make up more than 95 percent of reported victims.
The unauthorized sharing of sexualized images is still not illegal in the majority of US states.
Twenty-two states now have laws on the books and proposed national legislation is being drafted. is defined as the non-consensual distribution and publication of intimate photos and videos.