The Bavarian capital of Munich held a special place in the Nazi pantheon ...
It was the "Hauptstadt der Bewegung" - the Capital of the Movement - the birthplace of the Nazi Party.
Throughout the Third Reich period, Munich remained the spiritual capital of the Nazi movement, with headquarters buildings, museums to house the forms of artworks approved by Adolf Hitler, and shrines to the attempted Nazi putsch in November 1923.
These sites were used as the scenes of lavish annual memorial ceremonies, and swearing-in ceremonies for new SS members. Introduction - foundation of the Nazi Party in Munich, and sites associated with the early history of the Party and Adolf Hitler in Munich (this page).
Sites on this page include the Nazi Party offices at the Sterneckerbru brewery, Cornelius Strae, Schellingstrae, and the Brown House; Hofbruhaus and Lwenbru beer halls; Park Caf, Schelling Salon, Osteria Bavaria, and Caf Heck; Hitler's residences at Schleissheimerstrae, Thierschstrae, and Prinzregentenplatz; and Eva Braun's house in Bogenhausen. Nazi Party buildings on the Knigsplatz (Fhrerbau, Ehrentempel, and others) 4. Other Third Reich buildings and sites in Munich, 1933-1945 6.
Dachau Concentration Camp site The Deutscher Arbeiterpartei (DAP - German Workers Party) was founded in the hotel Frstenfelder Hof in Munich on 5 January 1919.
When the Party reorganized as the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter Partei (NSDAP - National Socialist German Workers Party), it had offices in the Sterneckerbru brewery at Tal 54, near the city center (the address on the street side is now Tal 38 - currently a computer store).
The Party had its offices here from 1 January 1920 until 31 October 1921.
The official Party platform was formulated here on 24 February 1920, and Adolf Hitler (who had joined the previous autumn) outlined the Party program to the public in the famous Hofbruhaus beer hall that same evening.
The street address of Tal 54, and the entrance to the Nazi Party offices, was actually on what is now Sterneckerstrae, a side street off Tal, seen in this 1920 view and as it looks today (the street address on this side was recently changed from 54 to 38).
(Heinrich Hoffmann, "Deutschland erwacht - Werden, Kampf und Sieg der NSDAP," Hamburg, 1933)After the Nazi rise to power, the Sterneckerbru office area was turned into a shrine and museum.
On the left is the location of Hitler's first office as Nazi Party leader.